Safety of cosmetics is a key issue in the EU. Cosmetics in the EU are regulated by Regulation (EC) N° 1223/2009, requiring that cosmetic products are shown to be safe before reaching the market. This must be done through safety assessment and for that purpose a unique dossier (Product Information File, PIF) need to be composed by a qualified safety assessor for each individual cosmetic coming on the European market. Safety assessment of cosmetic products in Europe is based on the safety assessment of the composing ingredients and is exposure-driven. This scientific exercise is usual performed based on data obtained through animal experimentation. Since 11 March 2013, the testing and marketing bans that were introduced via the 7th Amendment of the former Cosmetic Directive 76/768/EC, fully apply. This means that oral No-observable-Adverse-Effect-Levels (NOAELs), obtained through sub-chronic toxicity studies or developmental toxicity studies, are no longer available. New ways to guarantee the safety of cosmetic products must be explored. Therefore, the topic of New Generation Risk Assessment (NGRA) of cosmetics has been added to this training course.